How to lay block paving driveway?

When it comes to enhancing the curb appeal of your home in Ireland, few things make a statement quite like a beautifully laid block paving driveway. Not only does it provide a durable and practical solution for vehicle access, but it also adds aesthetic value to your property. If you’re considering undertaking this rewarding project, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the step-by-step process of creating a stunning block paving driveway in Ireland.

Materials and Tools:

Before you embark on the journey of laying a block paving driveway, gather all the necessary materials and tools. This includes:

  1. Blocks: Choose high-quality, durable paving blocks. Consider the color and style that complements your home and the surrounding environment.
  2. Base Material: The foundation is crucial for the longevity of your driveway. Use a suitable base material like hardcore or MOT type 1.
  3. Sand: Sharp sand is essential for creating a stable and level surface for the blocks.
  4. Edging Stones: These help to contain the blocks and provide a neat finish to the edges of your driveway.
  5. Geotextile Membrane: Lay this fabric to prevent weed growth and improve drainage.
  6. Plate Compactor: Compact the base material and sand to create a solid foundation.
  7. Spirit Level and String Lines: Ensure your driveway is level and straight with these essential tools.
  8. Saw and Chisel: These tools will help you cut blocks to fit the edges and corners of your driveway.

Step 1: Planning and Preparation

Start by planning the layout of your driveway. Measure the area, mark the boundaries, and consider the design you want to achieve. Remember to account for drainage slopes away from buildings. Obtain any necessary permits or approvals before starting the project.

Step 2: Excavation

Excavate the area to the required depth, typically around 200mm plus the depth of the paving blocks. Remove any plants, existing paving, or debris. Check the levels across the excavation to ensure a uniform depth.

Step 3: Adding Base Material

Add a layer of hardcore or MOT type 1 to the excavated area. Compact the material using a plate compactor to create a solid and stable foundation. Check the levels regularly to maintain an even surface.

Step 4: Installing Edging Stones

Place the edging stones along the perimeter of your driveway. These will define the edges and keep the paving blocks in place. Ensure they are securely bedded in concrete to prevent movement.

Step 5: Applying Geotextile Membrane

Lay a geotextile membrane over the compacted base. This will help prevent weed growth and improve drainage. Trim the membrane to fit the area precisely.

Step 6: Adding a Layer of Sharp Sand

Spread a layer of sharp sand over the geotextile membrane. Use a straight piece of timber and a spirit level to level the sand evenly. This provides a smooth surface for laying the blocks.

Step 7: Laying the Blocks

Start laying the paving blocks from a straight edge or corner, following your chosen pattern. Place the blocks close together, leaving a gap of around 2-5mm for jointing sand. Use string lines to ensure a straight and even alignment.

Step 8: Cutting Blocks for Edges and Corners

When reaching the edges and corners, you’ll likely need to cut blocks to fit. Use a saw and chisel for precise cutting. Ensure the cut blocks fit snugly for a professional finish.

Step 9: Jointing

Once all the blocks are in place, spread kiln-dried sand over the surface. Brush the sand into the joints using a stiff brush, ensuring all gaps are filled. This helps stabilize the blocks and prevents weed growth.

Step 10: Final Compaction

Finally, use a plate compactor to compact the entire driveway. This helps to settle the blocks into the sand, creating a solid and stable surface. Sweep additional jointing sand over the driveway and compact once more for a polished finish.


Creating a block paving driveway in Ireland can significantly enhance the aesthetic appeal and functionality of your home. By following these step-by-step guidelines, you can embark on this rewarding project with confidence, creating a durable and visually appealing entrance that will stand the test of time. Take pride in your craftsmanship, and enjoy the beauty and functionality of your newly laid block paving driveway.

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